Posts Tagged ‘World War II

25
Nov
10

Wanda (Louise) Landowska ~ Harpsichordist

Harpsichordist

A Polish-born harpsichordist who initiated the revival of the harpsichord in the 20th century.  She was born on July 5, 1879 in Warsaw and died on August 16, 1959 in Lakeville, Connecticut.  She studied composition in Berlin in 1896, and in 1900 went to Paris where, influenced by her husband, Henry Lew, an authority on folklore, she made researches into old music and keyboard instruments.  She taught at the Schola Cantorum, first played the harpsichord in public in 1903, and in 1909 published, with her husband, Musique ancienne, a study of 17th– and 18th-century music.  She remained until the beginning of World War II the principal exponent of 17th– and 18th-century harpsichord music, particularly that of Bach and Couperin, on whose works she wrote several studies.  In 1925 she founded a school for the study of old music at Saint-Leu-La-Forêt, near Paris, and in 1941 settled in the United States.  Among the modern works she inspired were the harpsichord concerti of Manuel de Falla and Francis Poulenc.  Early in the 20th century her theories of technique were the basis of contemporary harpsichord playing.

Reference:  The New Encyclopedia Britannica (Micropaedia) 
17
Nov
09

Willis Eugene Lamb Jr.

Willis Eugene Lamb Jr.

He was born on July 12, 1913 in Los Angeles, joint winner, with Polykarp Kusch, also of the U.S., of the 1955 Nobel Prize for Physics for experimental work that spurred refinements in the quantum theories of electromagnetic phenomena.  He joined the faculty of Columbia University in 1938 and worked in the radiation laboratory there during World War II.

The lines that appear in the spectrum (dispersed light, as by a prism)  of hydrogen are not simply single dark lines, as they appear, but actually are composed of many lines that are extremely close together.  This hyperfine structure was predicted by the quantum mechanics of the noted English physicist Paul A.M. Dirac, but Lamb applied new methods to be slightly different from what had been predicted.  This necessitated a revision in the theory to fit the facts.

While a professor of physics at Stanford University, California (1951-56), lamb devised microwave techniques for examining the hyperfine structure of the spectral lines of helium.  In 1956 he became professor of theoretical physics at Oxford University and in 1962 was appointed professor of physics at Yale University.

15
Sep
09

The Coconut Savior

Dr. Jose R. Velasco

Dr. Jose R. Velasco

Did you know that platnts can “sense” seasonal changes in terms of day length?  Yes, plants have chemicals that allow them to do this.  This characteristic of plants is called photoperiodisn.

Photoperiodism is one area where Dr. Jose R. Velasco, a Filipino plant physiologist, focused on during the World War II.  He conducted research on the photoperiodism of the rice plant.  He found out that the Elon-elon variety of rice flowered during short days when there was less than 12 hours of light.

Dr. Velasco is also known for this research on cadang-cadang, a coconnut disease that plagued the crops of small coconut farmets throught the country.  He found out that the disease was caused by an element in the soil that was toxic to the coconut plant.

Dr. Velasco was honored as a National Scientitst in 1998.  Other awards he received include the Guggenheim Foundation fellowships (1963), UP Alumni Association Dingstinguised Alumnus award (1971), Planters Production Achievement award for crop science teaching (1974), and PCCP Distinguised award on pest management (1974).

He grad uated with a degree in Agriculture in 1940 from the University of the Philippines College of Agriculture, which is now UP Los Banos.  He was a professor at UP for the duration of World War II.  After the war, he studied at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States where he obtained his doctoral degree in 1949.  Then, he returned to the Philippines to teach at UP and share his knowledge with his fellow Filipinos.

Source:

► Jose R. Velasco.  http://www.famousfilipino.com/agriculturist/jose-r.velasco.html

► Jose R. Velasco.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_R._Velasco

► Velascom Jose R.  http://www.nast.dost.gov.ph/pro_velasco.htm




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