Archive for October, 2010

29
Oct
10

Magnus Brostrup Landstad ~ Pastor

Landstad was born on October 7, 1802 at Måsøy, Norway and died on October 8, 1880 in Kristiania [Oslo].  Landstad was a pastor and poet who published the first collection of authentic Norwegian traditional ballads (1853).  His Norske folkeviser (Norwegian Folk Ballads0 dates back for its material to the Middle Ages and revolves around the adventures of trolls, heroes, knights, and gods; a supplement contains folk melodies collected by L.M. Linderman.  Though a later, more authoritative collection was published, Landstad’s book continued to be the most influential;  Henrik Ibsen drew many of the themes for his early dramas from the Landstad collection.

Landstad was later given responsibility for the preparation of a national hymnal.  He included some 50 of his own hymns and completed the editing in 1861.

Reference:  The New Encyclopedia Britannica (Micropaedia) 
24
Oct
10

Diosdado P. Macapagal – 5th President of the 3rd Republic of the Philippines (2 of 2)

Good morning everyone.  This is just the part 2 of my particle …

His suggested law as congressman was all about the welfare of the ordinary people.  One of these was the exportation of rice and corn.  Because of this, he was called the “Champion on the Mass.”

In 1958 he won as Vice President of the Philippines and on November 14, 1961 he won as President against former President Carlos P. Garcia.

As a President he gave emphasis on the problem in lack of employment and in the increase of production to help in the needs of many Pilipino.  Simple living in all of the government and the faithfulness in the duty was included in his bylaw.

He facilitated to reform the land to help the poor farmers.  He was given a hand by the experts in the law that will change the life of the small farmers.

Macapagal was the one sent Harry Stonehill and his accompanying person to go back to America.  Stonehill is an American millionaire who established many businesses in the Philippines.  He bribed some top officials in the government so he can do what ever he wants to have his business  always be successful in the country.  This became a big scandal that reached to the knowledge of Macapagal.  He did all the steps to end this scandal.

Macapagal also became the instrument to increase the relation of the Philippines in many countries.  He was also initiated to own Sabah from Malaysia.

Many of his detractor in the politics put Macapagal down. Different terrible issues were brought by the detractors which made in his clean name and services unpleasant.  It was not surprising anymore that he got lost when he ran again for President in November 1965.  Nevertheless, he was a gentleman to accept his failure.

When Former President Carlos P. Garcia, Macapagal replace him as the President of the Second Constitutional Convention.

President Diosdado Macapagal had two wives.  The first one was Purita dela Rosa who died early.  He had two children with Purita named Maria Cielo and Arturo.  The second one was Dr. Evangeline Macaraeg who had also given him two children named Maria Gloria and Diosdado Jr.

This was Macapagal aspiration in life:  “DO THE BEST THING YOU CAN DO AND GOD WILL DO ALL THE REST.”

Macapagal died last April 1997.

 

23
Oct
10

Diosdado P. Macapagal – 5th President of the 3rd Republic of the Philippines (1 of 2)

Favorite of the Mass

He became a President of the Republic of the Philippines  on December 30, 1961 until December 30, 1965.

If President Ramon Magsaysay so called “Favorite of the Mass”, President Diosdado Macapagal was called the “Champion of the Mass” because of his concern of the welfare of the poor Pilipino people.  He became the inspiration of every Pilipino to believe in their own self ability.  He proved that poverty is not a hindrance towards success.

Diosdado Macapagal was born in the province of San Nicolas, Lubao, Pampanga on September 28, 1910.  His parents are Urbano Macapagal and Romana Pangan.  His father was a farmer.  His mother, because of not attended in the school was a laundry woman as her occupation.

His family is poor but poverty  was not a hurdle for him to study and become the most influenced person in his country in his  time.    He studied his elementary in Lubao Elementary School where he was a valedictorian.  Salutatorian in high school at Mataas na Paaralan ng Pampanga.  Because of his goodness and brilliance he managed to go to college in Pamantasan ng Pilipinas.  He studied there the course in Associate in Arts and passed the Civil Service Examination.  His first job was an employee in the Department of Agriculture in 1932.

He started to study the law in the Philippine Law School in the University of Sto. Tomas.  This was where he finished his course.  He became a topnotcher in the Bar Exams in 1936. He was the only one who got this kind of recognition in the history of the university.  He continued his study and he acquired the following:  Master of Laws, Doctor of Laws and Doctor of Philosophy in Economics.  He had his own law office where he used all his knowledge.

Macapagal occupied the position in the government:  Chief of Legal Division in the Department of Foreign Affairs. Chief Negotiator in Turtle Island with Great Britain and Undersecretary in the Philippine Embassy in Washington D.C. that had the same position in the Department of Foreign Affairs.

His first encounter in the politics was when President Quirino encouraged him as representative in the 1st District of Pampanga in 1949.  He won again in 1953.  He was loved by the people of Pampanga not just because he was born there, but just because he was good and faithful in his duties. – New Encyclopedia Britannica

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20
Oct
10

Rodolfo Amadeo Lanciani ~ Archaeologist

He was born on January 1, 1847 and died on May 21, 1929 in Rome.  He was an Archaeologist, topographer, and authority on ancient Rome who discovered many antiquities at Rome, Tivoli, and Ostia and published a 1:1,000-scale map of classical, medieval, and modern Rome in Forma urbis Romae (1893-1901).  At 20 he assisted in the excavation of Emperor Trajan’s harbor at Porto, and his description (1868) remains authoritative.  Appointed director of excavations and professor of ancient topography at the University of Rome in 1878, he also lectured in the U.S. and England (1886-87).  His major works include Ancient Rome in the Light of Modern Discoveries (1888), Storia degli scavi de Roman (4 vol., 1902-12; “History of the Excavation of Rome”), and Wanderings in the Roman Campagna (1909).

Reference:  New Encylopedia Brittanica

17
Oct
10

Marie-Louise – Australian Princess

A Member of the House of Habsburg

Marie-Louise was born on December 12, 1791 in Vienna and Died December 17, 1847, Parma, Italy.  She was an Australian Princess who became the second wife of the French emperor Napoleon I and later duchess of Parma.

Marie-Louise , a member of the House of Habsburg, was the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Francis I and Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily and niece of Mari-Antoinette, queen of France.  Klemens von Metternich, the Australian statesman, seems to have suggested her to Napoleon, who was looking for a wife with royal blood and had already decided to dissolve his childless marriage with the empress Josephine.  The match was arranged in February 1810.  Marie-Louise was married to Napoleon at Paris on April 1-2.  On March 20, 1811, she bore him the long-desired heir, the king of Rome and the future Napoleon II.

While Napoleon was campaigning in Russia, Marie-Louise served as regent for him in Paris.  After his first abdication (signed at Fontainebleau, April11, 0814), however, she returned to Vienna with her son.  The Treaty of Fontainebleau awarded her the duchies of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla with full sovereignty.  She became completely estranged from Napoleon when he threatened to abduct her forcibly to Elba, where he was in exile.

In September 1821, soon after Napoleon’s death that May, Marie-Louise married Adam Adalbert, Graf von Neipperg, having already borne him two children.  Together they governed the duchies more liberally than did most other princes in Italy, though some authorities suggest this resulted more from weakness of character than from policy.  After Neipperg’s death, however, circumstances forced her to countenance the reactionary administration of her prime minister.

 

14
Oct
10

Frederick William Lanchester ~ Automobile and Aeronautics Pioneer

He was born on October 23, 1868 in London and died on March 8, 1946 in Birmingham.  He was an automobile and aeronautics pioneer who built the first British automobile.  An architect’s son, he graduated from Harley University College (now the University of Southampton) and the National School of Science.

In 1891 Lanchester went to work for a gas-engine works in Birmingham, where he improved the products by designing a pendulum governor and a starter.  After five years he left to set up his own automobile-manufacturing firm, producing his first car, a one-cylinder, 5-horsepower model, in 1896.  A second model, with two cylinders, won the Gold Medal of the Royal Automobile Club, and a third led to backing for the Lanchester Engine Company, which produced several hundred cars over the next few years.  Among notable design features of his cars were a relative freedom from vibration, a graceful appearance with fewer of the knobs and levers that bristled in most driver’s compartments, and a luggage rack.

Lanchester’s  interest in aeronautics was first expressed in a paper he wrote in 1897, ahead of its time in appreciation of the principles of heavier-than-air flight.  In 1907-08 he published a two-volume work embodying distinctly advanced aerodynamic ideas.  As a member of the Advisory Committee on Aeronautics in 1909, and consultant to the Daimler Motor Company, Ltd., later, he also contributed to the development of operations research. – New Encylopedia Britannica

 

08
Oct
10

Claude Lancelot ~ Jansenist

He was born on 1615-16 in Paris and died on April 15, 1695 in Quimperle, France.  He was Jansenist who introduced a new method of teaching languages.  In 1637 he studied under Abbot Jean Du Vergier de Haurance, one of the fathers of Jansenism, the condemned doctrine advocating that there is no freedom of the will and that redemption is not universal.  Lancelot became one of the first hermits of Port Royal, the Jansenist centre near Versailles, Fr. From 1645/46 he taught in the Petites Ecoles, Les Granges, Fr., where the celebrated dramatist Jean Racine was among his pupils.  He wrote Nouvelle Methode pour apprendre in langue latine (1644) and Nouvelle Methode pour apprendre la langue grecque (1655), in which the rules of grammar are explained in French rhymes.  His famous Jardin des raciness grecques (1657); “Garden of Greek Roots”), an alphabetical vocabulary of Greek words with French translation in rhyming verse form, was used for two centuries.  His Nouvelle Methode pour apprendre facilement et en peu de temps la langue italienne, and Methode de plain-chant appeared in 1660.

During the persecution of Jansenism, the Petites Ecoles was dispersed, and Lancelot served as mediator between Port Royal and the pope (1644-69).  From 1699 to 1672 he tutored the young princes de Conti and completed his Memoires (published posthumously in 1738)/  je joined the Cistercian abbey of Saint Cyran but for being a Jansenist was exiled (1679/80 to Saint Croix Abbey, Quimperle.  L. Cognet’s Claude Lancelot appeared in 1950.

Reference:  New Encyclopedia Britannica




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