Imperial official Lin Tse-hsu forces foreign merchants to surrender their opium. His further demands provoke a backlash, starting the First Opium War.
Pin-yin Romanization LIN ZE-XU. He was born on August 30, 1785 in Hou-kuan, Fukien Province, China and died on November 22, 1850, in Ch’ao-chou, Kwangtung, Province, leading Chinese scholar and official of the Ch’ing (Manchu) dynasty, known for his role in the events leading up to the Anglo-Chinese Opium War (1839-42), was a proponent of the revitalization of traditional Chinese thought and institutions, a movement that became known as the “self-strengthening movement.
Following the education in the Confucian Classics, he joined the Hanlin Academy, which advised the Emperor. He rose quickly through the bureaucracy and in 1838 he was appointed Imperial Commissioner. His diary survives and conveys a vivid picture of his work in banning the opium trade. Dismissed when his tough policy provoked British perusals, he later was called back with the title of grand guardian of the heir apparent for pacifying rebel Muslims in the province of Yunman.