Archive for October, 2009


Olivier de la Marche

Oliver de La Marche

Olivier de la Marche

(b. c. 1425, Villegaudin, Burgundy, now in France—d. February 1, 1502, Brussels), Burgundian chronicler and poet who , as historian of the ducal court, was an eloquent spokesman of the chivalrous tradition.

After serving as a page to Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, La Marche entered the service of the duke’s son, the Comte de Charolais (later called Charles the Bold).  He became Charles’s secretary and remained in Burgundian service all his life, representing Charles on many diplomatic missions throughout Europe.  After Charles was killed at Nancy in 1477, La Marche continued to serve the Duke’s heiress, Marry, and her husband, the Austrian archduke Maximilian.

La Marche’s writings, the most important of which was L’ Etat de la maison du due Charles de Bourgogne (1474; “The State of the House of Charles, Duke of Burgundy”), for the most part glorify the house of Burgundy.  His Memoires, two books converting the periods 1435-67 and 1467-88, were completed about 1490.  Though written with charm and liveliness, they are unreliable as history because La Marche makes mistakes in chronology and was too resolutely devoted to the house of Burgundy to be objective, especially in his judgments on French policy.


Peter Lalor – Engineer in Ireland


Peter Lalor

(Born on February 5, 1827 in Tinakill, Queen’s Country, now County Leix.  Died February 9, 1889 in Melbourne),  a politician who, when he was a miner in 1854, led the gold miners’ uprising at the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Victoria, one of the most celebrated rebellions in Australian history.

Trained as an engineer in Ireland, Lalor emigrated to Victoria in 1852, working first on the Melbourne railway and then at the Eureka goldfield in 1853.  He joined the Ballarat Reform League, formed by miners on Nov. 11, 1854, to protest high license fees, police mistreatment, lack of representation, and shortage of land.  When the league’s petition for reform went unanswered by the government, the miners organized to fight on November 30 and chose Lalor as their leader.  He went into hiding after the rebellious miners were driven out of the Eureka Stockade on December 3 and emerged again after charges against the rebel  leaders had been dropped.  After the Eureka uprising, most of the miners’ grievances were redressed.

Lalor was one of the first goldfield representatives, elected to the Victoria Legislative Council in 1855 and then to the Legislative Assembly (lower house) 1856-71 and 1875-89.  He served as postmaster general (1875), commissioner of trade and customs (1875, 1877-80), and speaker of the assembly from 1880 to 1887. – The New Encyclopedia Britannica

Visual source:  mininghall


House for Filipinos

For those who are in a hurry to finish their dream house, there’s a new building method that will not only make construction time shorter but will also const less.  This is the Vazbuilt building construction system, developed by Filipino inventor Edgardo Vasquez.  Vasquez’ invention earned him the World Intellectual Property Award in 1995 in Geneva, Switzerland.

Think about the Vazbuilt as a method of using ready-made walls, posts, columns, and roofs that can be assembled to created the house you wanted.  This reduces construction time and labor cost.  With as much as only P50,000, on can already Vazbuilt system uses prefabricated (ready-made) technology not only for house construction but also for the construction of commercial buildings.

According to Vasquez, in building houses, one should consider the “pride factor”—it should give fried to Filipinos.  Vazbuilt system also offers different housing models to choose from.  And the materials are all Philippine-made.

What’s amazing about Vazbuilt is that it promotes a do-it-yourself system.  In fact, four women from Baguio were able to build their own house using Vazbuilt.  The project was completed using over-the-counter materials;  posts, panels, columns, Tegula roof tiles—part by part, until the whole housing components were completed.

The Filipino Inventors Society acknowledged Vazquez’s invention by giving him the Golden Medal Award as Outstanding Inventor in 1993.


► BREW Awards 2007 Top Figures.

► Salazar, Teresa R.  RP inventor paves way for houses of all cost.

► Vazbuilt Total Home Builder.


Marie-Therese Lamballe – Louise de Savoie-Carignan, Princess De




Lamballe, Mari-Therese-Louise de Savoie-Carignan, princesse de 

(Birth: September 8, 1749, Turin, Piedmont, now in Italy—Death: September 3, 1792, Paris), the intimate companion of Queen Marie-Antoinette of France; she was murdered by a crowd during the French Revolution for allegedly participating in the Queen’s counter revolutionary intrigues. 

The daughter of Prince Louis-Victor de Savoie-Carignan, she was married in 1767 to Louis-Alexander-Stanislas de Bourbon, prince de Lamballe, who died the following year.  She went to live at the royal court at Versailles upon the marriage (1770) of the dauphin Louis to Marie-Antoinette, and, by the time Louis ascended the throne as King Louis XVI in 1774, Marie-Antoinette had singled her out as a confidante.  The following year she became superintendent of the Queen’s household. 

In October 1789, several months after the outbreak of the ‘revolution, Mme Lamballe accompanied the royal family to Paris, where her salon became the meeting place for Marie-Antoinette’s secret intrigues with royalist sympathizers of the revolutionary National Assembly.  Mme Lamballe was also popularly suspected of abetting the Queen’s private dealings with France’s Austrian enemies.  After the overthrow of the monarchy of August 10. 1792, she was imprisoned with the Queen in the Temple prison but was transferred to La Force prison on August 19.  Having refused to take an oath against the monarchy, Mme Lamballe was on September 3 delivered over to the fury of the populace, who cut off her head and carried it on a pike before the windows of the Queen. 

A.  Sorel’s La Princesse de Lamballe was published in 1933. 


Visual source:  allposters

Sir Horace Lamb

Lamb, Sir Horace

Lamb, Sir Horace

Birth: November 27, 1849, Stockport, England.  Death: December 4, 1934, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, now amalgamated with isle of Ely.  Mathematician who contributed to the field of mathematical physics.  In 1872 he was made a fellow and assistant tutor of Trinity college, Cambridge, and three years later he became professor of mathematics at Adelaide University, Australia.  He returned to England in 1885 to become professor of mathematics at Victoria University, Lancashire.  The recognized authority on hydrodynamics, he wrote the Mathematical Theory of the Motion of Fluids (1878) and Hydrodynamics (1895); the latter for many years was the standard work on hydrodynamics.  His many papers, principally on applied mathematics, detailed his researches on wave propagation, electrical induction, earthquake tremors, and the theory of tides and waves.

Lamb made valuable studies of airflow over aircraft surfaces for the Aeronautical Research Committee from 1921 to 1927.  He was made a fellow of the Royal society of London in 1884 and was knighted in 1931.  His other publications include Infinitesimal Calculus (1897); Dynamical Theory of Sound (1910); Statics: Including Hydrostatics and Elements of the Theory of Elasticity (1912); Dynamics (1914); and Higher Mechanics (1920).

Visual source:  gap-system


Protecting the Mangroves

Dr. Jurgenne H. Primavera

Dr. Jurgenne H. Primavera

She fell in love with the mangroves.  And since then she protected the mangroves like a true knight protecting his king.

Dr. Jurgenne H. Primavera spent her time studying mangroves and discovered why mangroves population in the Philippines was declining—the major culprit is the conversion of mangrove areas to brackish water fishponds.  According to Dr. primavera, the greatest mangrove loss has been due to large-scale development of bangus (milkfish) ponds at 4,000 to 5,000 hectares per year from the 1950s to the 1960s.  also, coastal communities, as well as bakeries and wood-fired sugar mills, depend on mangroves for fuel.  Mangrove areas are also converted to agriculture and salt ponds or cut down to give way to reclaimed lands for ports and commercial areas.

Because of her stand on mangroves, Primavera became the only Filipino scientist to receive an honorary doctorate degree from the Stockholm University in Sweden, capping more than 10 years of mangroves studies.  Since 1997, Primavera has worked on two mangrove sites in Aklan as field laboratories.  These are the patches of mangroves in Ibajay town and Buswang in Kalibo town.

She wrote more than 60 scientific articles, review papers, manuals, book chapters and technical reports, and co-authored 20 papers.  Many of the subjects touched on impacts of fish and shrimp farming, the ecological value of mangroves, marine conservation and management, and livelihood opportunities from mangroves.

Dr. Primavera is currently a researcher at the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center in the Philippines.  She holds a doctorate degree in marine Science from the University of the Philippines.


Visual source:  seafdec


Lalo, (Victore-Antoine-) Edouard

Lalo, (Victore-Antoine-) Edouard

Lalo, (Victore-Antoine-) Edouard

Born January 27, 1823, Lille, Fr.—Died April 22, 1892, Paris), composer known for the clarity of his orchestration.  Born into a military family of Spanish descent, he went to Paris, without funds, in 1839, studying violin with Francois Habeneck at the Conservatoire and composition privately with Julius Schulhoff and Crevecoeur.  In 1848 he published his first songs, and in 1855 joined the Armingaud quarter as viola player. 

He won success with his Symphonie espagnole for for violin and orchestra, first performed by Pablo Sarasate in 1875; for his cello concerto  (1876); and for his ballet Namouna (1882).  Namouna foreshadowed the ballets of Diaghilev in that it merited attention more for its musical score that for its choreography.  There followed the Symphony in G Minor (1887) and the final version of his opera Le Roi d’ Ys (1888).  His chamber works, which were influential, include a string quartet, three trios, and piano and violin sonatas.  He also wrote concerti for violin and for piano.  His music, although it shows some affinity with Robert Schumann and Carl Weber, is the product of a highly original talent.

Visual source:  hagaselamusica


Reinventing Light Technology

To save energy, we are told to use fluorescent lamps instead of incandescent lamps.  They say that fluorescent lamps are better when it comes to illumination and energy efficiency.

Now here comes a new invention that makes fluorescent lamps last longer.  It’s called Nutec System, a technology developed by Eric G. Ngo, a Filipino inventor.  The technology comprises of Nutec ballast and Nutec starter.  The ballast regulates the flow of electricity through the lamp, while the starter initiates the “kick” needed to start the lamp to light.

 Ordinary tube-like fluorescent lamps have two pins on each end.  These pairs of pins are attached to the slots at the end of the lamp’s housing.  When the circuit is close, electricity will flow and the lamp will light up.  A fluorescent lamp gets busted if one of more of the pins burn out due to overheating or some other damages.  With  Eric G. Ngo’s invention, however, even if one pin at one end gets gusted.  The fluorescent lamp can still light up.  Aside from this, even if jot all of the pins are attached to the slots, the lamp can still light up.

According to Ngo, conventional lighting system only use up 30 percent of a fluorescent lamps capacity.  When your fluorescent lamp gets busted, you’ve only used 30 percent of it.  The remaining 70 percent gets thrown away along with the busted lamp.  With the Nutec System, you can maximize the use of a lamp’s capacity up to 100 percent.  Depending on the quality of the lamp.  Nutec system can extend its use up to five to seven years.

For his invention, Ngo received the Gold Medal for Outstanding Invention given by the World Intellectual Property Organization in 2006.


► Productiong Pinoy:  Pinoys reinvent lighting technology.

► IP Philippines launches patents, trademarks exhibit.

► Harris, Tom.  How Fluorescent Lamps Works.



A Filipina Star in the World of Scientific Lexicon

Dr. Lina T. Villacarlos

Dr. Lina T. Villacarlos

Fungi are not just about mushrooms, skin disease, and bread molds.  Like every living thing that has its own purpose in this universe, fungi form an integral part of nature’s  cycle of birth and rebirth.  They help plants by breaking food outside their bodies, releasing enzymes in order to break down dead organic matter into nutrients that plants can use for their growth.

Filipino biologist Dr. Lina T. Villacarlos has a profound appreciation for fungi’s role in nature.  In 2003, she discovered and name a new breed of parasitic fungus,  Entomorphthora l e y t e e n s I s—E n t o m o r p h t h o r a for the family it falls under (Entomorphthorales)—fungi with parasitic relationship to insects and leyteensis for the place where the breed was discovered (Leyte).  Dr. Villacarlos is also responsible for the discovery of three other kinds of fungi in the same family—the Batkoa amrascae, the Entomophaga bukidnonensis, and the Entomorphthora philippinensis.

This is considered a breakthrough, since there are only eleven known species of fungi to date.

According to the National Research Council of the Philippines (NCRP), Dr. Villacarlos’ discovery should be recognized and supported by the government because Ehtomorphthora leyteensis has great potential as a biological control.  It is capable of annihilating populations of whiteflies (Tetraleurodes acacia) that infect kakawate or madred de cacao (Glericidia sepium)  is widely used as fencing for parks, ranches, and homes.

Dr. Villacarlos is one of the many scientists who make up the scientific and technological arm of NRCP.  She is officially based at Leyte State University.



► Pinay Biologist Discovers New Parasitic Fungus.

►A New Breed of Parasitic Fungus Discovered.

► Natural Perspective:  The Fungus Kingdom.

October 2009

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